Country in Focus - Zambia

Zambia is in its tenth year as a PMI focus country. The vision of Zambia’s current National Malaria Strategic Plan is to achieve progress toward a “malaria-free Zambia” through equitable access to quality-assured, cost-effective malaria prevention and control interventions that are delivered close to the household. With support from the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) and its partners, the implementation of malaria control interventions and the distribution of vital commodities to vulnerable populations has been successful. At the national level, the 2015 Malaria Indicator Survey showed encouraging malaria prevention and control coverage: 77 percent of households have at least one insecticide-treated net (ITN), and 80.6 percent of households reported availability of at least one form of vector control method (indoor residual spraying [IRS] or ITN) with 25.3 percent having both. 


Although there are signs of improvement, malaria continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Zambia. The entire Zambian population is at risk of malaria, and the disease is endemic in all 10 provinces. Malaria control remains one of the government’s highest priorities. Transmission occurs throughout the year and peaks during the rainy season. Although the four main malaria parasite species are present in Zambia, Plasmodium falciparum is the major source of infection.