Country in Focus - Mali

The entire population of Mali is at risk for malaria, although transmission varies across the country’s five geo-climatic zones. The disease is endemic in the central and southern regions where more than 90 percent of the population lives, and epidemic in the north. Internally displaced persons migrating from the north are especially at risk given their low immunity to infection. In Mali, malaria is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly among children under the age of five. Mali has demonstrated significant progress in scaling up malaria prevention and control interventions, especially in vector control. Results from the 2012–2013 DHS indicate a nearly 50 percent reduction of under-five mortality rates from 2006 to 2012.