Country in Focus - Democratic Republic of the Congo

The burden of malaria poses a major health problem in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the second largest and the third most populous country in Africa. As the principal cause of morbidity and mortality, malaria accounted for 32 percent of all outpatient visits and 36 percent of deaths in 2014; DRC accounts for 11 percent of all cases of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. However, significant progress is being made in malaria prevention efforts. The new National Malaria Control Strategic Plan’s (2016–2020) overall objective is to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality by 40 percent compared to the 2015 level. To focus high-impact interventions in the areas with the greatest malaria burden, the new strategy stratifies the health zones based on parasite prevalence (based on 2013–2014 DHS data).